Discrete semiconductor products are individual electronic components that are made of a single semiconductor material, such as silicon or germanium. They are called "discrete" because they are separate, distinct devices, as opposed to integrated circuits (ICs), which are collections of multiple components on a single chip.
Discrete semiconductors are typically used in electronic circuits to perform a specific function, such as amplifying a signal, switching a current, or generating heat. They are available in a wide range of types and configurations, including diodes, transistors, thyristors, and other devices. Discrete semiconductors are commonly used in a variety of electronic systems, including computers, smartphones, appliances, and other equipment.
Some examples of discrete semiconductor products include:
Diodes: Diodes are two-terminal electronic devices that allow current to flow in only one direction. They are commonly used as rectifiers, which convert alternating current (AC) to direct current (DC), or as voltage regulators, which maintain a constant voltage across a load.
Transistors: Transistors are three-terminal electronic devices that can be used as switches or amplifiers. They are commonly used to control the flow of current in a circuit, or to amplify a small signal to a larger one.
Thyristors: Thyristors are four-terminal electronic devices that can be used as switches or regulators. They are commonly used in high-power applications, such as electric motors, power supplies, and welding equipment.
Optoelectronic devices: Optoelectronic devices are electronic components that convert light into electricity, or vice versa. They are commonly used in applications such as sensors, displays, and communications systems.
Discrete semiconductor products are typically available from electronic component manufacturers and distributors. They can be purchased in small quantities for use in prototyping or testing, or in larger quantities for production and commercial applications.