An integrated circuit, or IC, is a type of electronic circuit that is made up of tiny components such as transistors, capacitors, and resistors that are all packaged together on a single piece of semiconductor material. This allows for a large number of electronic components to be combined into a single, small package, making it possible to create complex electronic devices such as computers, smartphones, and other types of electronic equipment.
Logic is a branch of mathematics that deals with the study of the principles of reasoning and the formal principles of valid inference. In the context of integrated circuits, logic refers to the way that the various components of an IC are connected and arranged in order to perform specific functions. This typically involves using logical gates, which are basic building blocks of digital circuits that perform logical operations such as AND, OR, and NOT. By combining these basic building blocks in different ways, it is possible to create complex digital circuits that can perform a wide variety of tasks.